Thursday, November 24, 2016

What is Chemotherapy?

What is Chemotherapy?


Chemotherapy bottles

When we hear the word chemotherapy, will crosses our minds about the diseases that require chemotherapy as cancer, tumor or other carcinogenic types. Chemotherapy is an attempt to kill the cancer cells by interfering with the function of cell reproduction. Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment method by way of giving substance / drug that kills cancer cells have properties.

Chemotherapy is useful to reduce the size of the cancer prior to surgery, destroy all cancer cells left behind after surgery, and treating certain kinds of blood cancer

However, chemotherapy also have side effects, namely:

  •     nausea
  •     gag
  •     kidney damage
  •     irritate the oral cavity
  •     hair loss
  •     decrease sexual desire
  •     sprue
  •     diarrhea

how to deal with side effects:

  •     provision of anti-nausea and vomiting
  •     when you feel queasy sitting up fresh
  •     eat foods high in protein and carbohydrates (puddings, cereals, meatballs, pudding, milk, toast, soup, yoghurt, cheese, condensed milk, dates, nuts, etc.)
  •     do oral care by brushing your teeth before bed and after eating. If it can not brush his teeth because of gum bleeding, apply the cleaner mouth
  •     give lip moisturizer as needed
  •     avoid smoking, spicy food and water ice.

In some studies chemotherapy can reduce the number of deaths early stage cancer patients, but for patients with late stage cancer / metastasis, chemotherapy is only able to delay death or prolong the lifespan of the patient for a while. However man can only hope that while recent events only God disposes.

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Tips for Avoid Cancer

Tips for Avoid Cancer

Here some tips to avoid cancer =

1. Quit Smoking. Smoking is the main cause of lung cancer and other cancers nearly 30 percent. Smoking during pregnancy is harmful to the baby.

2. Avoid SunlightExcessive sunlight causes skin damage and skin cancer. Protect your skin with sunscreen (sunscreen cream), use a long-sleeved shirt and a hat or umbrella, especially during the heat of the sun.

3. Reduce Fat Content in FoodHigh fat causes the risk of colon cancer, prostate and breast. Controlling weight with a balanced diet and exercise will reduce the risk of cancer.

4. Expand Food FibrousWheat, rice, vegetables and fruits are a good source of natural fiber and protect against colorectal cancer.

5. Reduce consumption of food Smoked, Burned and preserved with NitriteEsophageal and gastric cancer is more common in the country where many foods are smoked or preserved with nitrites. In baked foods also contain cancer risk.

6. Select the food Many Containing Vitamins A and CNatural vitamins and other important substances contained in vegetables and fruits may protect us from cancer esophagus, larynx, stomach, and lung.

7. Consumption of More Vegetables Cabbage GroupCabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, pakchoy and kale can protect against gastric cancer, colorectal cancer and respiratory tract.

8. Avoid Alcoholic BeveragesThe risk of getting cancer of the liver and the stomach will increase. Smoking is accompanied by drinking alcohol increases the risk of very big for the occurrence of cancer of the mouth, throat, larynx dam esophagus.

9. Consult Yourself RegularlyRegular health checks is a step-Wise. If feel there is a change in the body, see your doctor.

10. Balanced LifestyleEating sufficient and balanced nutrition, the use of a balance between work, rest, recreation and sports, and always close to God can reduce the risk of cancer.

Sunday, November 20, 2016

Cancer Glossary

Cancer Glossary

Cancer Glossary

Cancer Glossary

What is ?

Acupuncture: An ancient Asian system of therapy that uses long, thin needles to cure disease or relieve symptoms.

Advance directive: A document in the patient’s record describing his or her wishes regarding various life-sustaining
interventions in the event the patient cannot communicate directly. 

Alternative medicine: Healing treatment(s) used instead of mainstream, hospital-based healthcare practice.

Ambulette: A transport service for patients, usually a van that can accommodate patients in wheelchairs.

Antiangiogenesis therapy: Experimental cancer treatment that focuses on blocking growth of new blood vessels to tumors.

Anticipatory grief: Beginning to experience the loss of someone before the person actually dies.

Attending physician: The physician in charge of a hospital patient’s care.

Caregiver: One who helps another person with a serious illness do what he or she ordinarily would be able to do to
meet both current and future needs.

Case manager: Also called a discharge planner. Nurse or social worker who coordinates the patient’s discharge from
a hospital.

Chemotherapy: Also called “chemo.” Treatment of disease using chemical substances or drugs.

Clinical nurse specialist (CNS): Nurse with a master’s degree who can provide patient care and education in a medical

Clinical trials: Research projects conducted by doctors to test the safety and efficacy of new drugs, therapies, or prevention strategies on patients. Also known as research protocols or clinical studies, clinical trials are scientific experiments overseen by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, which, based on the results of the trials, decides whether or not to approve the new drugs or therapies for general use.

Colostomy: Surgery to establish an artificial connection between the lumen of the colon and the skin.

Complementary medicine or therapiesHealing treatment(s) used together with mainstream, hospitalbased medical practice.

Counseling: Mental health therapy with a professionally trained therapist (see Social workers).

Defense mechanism: A psychological method of protecting oneself from anxiety or high emotional distress.
Denial is an example.

Denial: A defense mechanism people use to reduce their distress. It can include minimizing the significance of a stressful event, or in the extreme, denying its existence altogether.

Dietitian: A professional who plans tailored diets to meet the nutritional requirements of people with special healthcare needs.

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid): The molecular building blocks of chromosomes. They contain and control genetic information in cells, including how they divide, grow, and function.

Do not resuscitate order (DNR)Can be a component of an advance directive and a living will; specifies the medical steps to be taken in the event the patient is found to be minimally responsive with minimal life signs.

Durable medical equipment (DME)Equipment such as walkers, wheelchairs, bedside commodes, or hospital beds that can be ordered from equipment suppliers for home use.

Educational groups: A gathering of people where information is presented on a range of topics (e.g., coping techniques, relaxation methods, management of medical issues).

Experimental protocol: Research of a new drug or therapy using very specific materials and steps.

Fellow: Physician-in-training working in a teaching hospital.

Genetic counselor: An expert in genetics, a branch of science focused on the transmission and consequences of biologic inheritance.

Health maintenance organization (HMO): An organization providing health care to enrolled members through a network of member doctors and other healthcare providers. Designed to reduce costs, HMOs also typically restrict access to providers or specialists outside their approved networks.

Healthcare proxy: A document (also called medical durable power of attorney or healthcare agent) designating a family member, guardian, or friend as the decision maker about medical treatment for a patient (see Surrogate).

Home care: Medical, nursing, social, or rehabilitative services provided in the patient’s home.

Home health aide: A qualified person able to assist a patient with bathing, dressing, getting around in his or her own home, and doing other homemaking tasks (also, Personal care attendant).

Hospice care: A facility or home care program designed to help meet the physical and emotional needs of the terminally ill.

Hypnosis: An artificially induced trance-like state of consciousness in which the subject is susceptible to suggestion. Used in symptom relief and to reinforce behavioral change. 

Incapacitated (mentally): A term used when patient is deemed by the medical team as being unable to give informed consent for a medical procedure (i.e., comatose, mentally disoriented; see Healthcare proxy).

Informed consent: After a patient is educated about his or her diagnosis and all reasonable procedures and treatments  ptions for the disease, he or she must indicate an understanding of and agreement to a course of action by signing forms.

Intern: Physician-in-training working in a teaching hospital.

Last will and testament: A legal document specifying a person’s wishes with regard to inheritance after the person dies.

Licensed practical nurse (LPN)Has completed a two-year degree in nursing; often involved with handson patient care.

Living trust: A legal document created for a person while he or she is still alive in order to protect financial assets. A financial planner or lawyer can provide details.

Living will: Legal document that specifies a patient’s wishes in the event he or she becomes mentally incapacitated.

Malignancy: Tumors that are characterized by the ability to invade surrounding tissue and spread to other parts of the body.

Managed care plan: Insurance or health care plans that rely on primary care physicians, and other methods, to manage or coordinate the medical care people receive.

Mastectomy: Surgical removal of the breast.

Medicaid: A federal- and state-funded health insurance program for those on a limited income.

Medicare: A federally run health insurance program for those aged 65 years or more, or those on Social Security Disability, who are legally blind, or on renal dialysis.

Metastasis: The spread of cancer from the primary (original) tumor to another part of the body.

Nurse practitioner (NP): Advanced practice clinician with a master’s degree who can prescribe medications and write medical orders.

Nursing home: A facility that provides long-term custodial care for patients who can no longer live at home.

Nutritionist: An expert in food and drink intake (diet) for therapeutic purposes.

Oncologist: Physician expert in the treatment of cancer; includes overseeing administration of chemotherapy and other regimens.

Ostomy: Surgery to create an opening from the skin to the urinary or gastrointestinal canal, or the trachea.

Palliation: Reduction of severity (to mitigate). Palliative care focuses on treating the symptoms of disease rather than curing it. 

Paratransit program: A local public transport system for those with a physical impairment or medical condition.

Patient confidentiality: Legal limits as to what the medical team can tell people other than the patient and his or her spouse or designated surrogate/ healthcare proxy.

Personal Emergency Response System (PERS): A device that a patient can wear that can alert emergency help.

Phobia: Overwhelming fear of an object, situation, or procedure.

Physiatrist: A doctor who specializes in rehabilitation medicine.

Physician assistant (PA): Medical professional who can diagnose, treat, and write prescriptions under a physician’s guidance.

Phytochemicals: Chemicals found in plants.

Positive coping: Techniques of thinking and behaving that help a patient respond to an event or stress more effectively.

Power of attorney: A surrogate or proxy decision maker for the patient who legally makes all health-related and financial decisions for the patient; entails a legal document.

Primary caregiver: One who provides or organizes others to provide the essential logistical and emotional support for a person with cancer.

Prognosis: Prediction of the course of a disease.

Progressive relaxation: A relaxation technique using deep breathing and muscle control exercises; can also incorporate peaceful music and guided imagery.

Prostatectomy: Surgical removal of part or all of the prostate, which can alter men’s physical/sexual responses.

Protocol: Description of a clinical trial; also used more generally to refer to a plan of medical treatment.

Public assistance: A federally run program to provide cash benefits (e.g., food stamps, welfare) for persons with a low income to purchase food and clothing and to pay for housing.

Radiation oncologist: Physician expert in radiation therapy.

Radiation therapy: Used in both diagnosis and treatment, the application of light, short radio waves, ultraviolet rays, or X-rays upon a specific area of the body for a period of time.

Registered nurse (RN): Provides patient care; usually has completed a four-year college degree and hospital training.
Resident: Physician who has completed an internship and is receiving training in a specialized area.
Sexual paraphernalia: An apparatus or object used in sexual activity.

Skilled nursing facility (SNF): A healthcare facility providing shortterm nursing care with the aim of having the patient return home or to a family member’s home.

Skilled nursing need: A need for services or care that can be performed only by a licensed nurse, such as treating a wound, teaching the administration of new medications, or assessing clinical status at home. Often a requirement for home care by insurers.

Social Security: A federally run program that provides monthly payments to persons over age 65 years and family
survivors; the amount is calculated from the person’s work history.

Social Security Disability (SSD): A federally run program that provides a monthly income to disabled workers and their families.

Social workers: Certified or licensed social workers (CSW, LCSW, LSW) usually have a master’s degree (MSW, MSSW) or doctorate (DSW, PhD), and counsel the patient and family coping with the stress of diagnosis and treatment. These professionals also can identify community mental health resources and coordinate patient discharge.

Standby guardian: A legally designated person who will have custody of a patient’s children in the event of their parent’s death or mental incapacitation.

Staging: Systems of classifying a patient’s cancer by tumor size and how far it has spread in the body.

Suicidal ideation: Thoughts or plans to commit suicide.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI): A federally run program that provides income to eligible people over age 65 years; legally blind or disabled; who have a low income, few assets, or a limited formal work history.

Support group: A gathering that is focused on sharing experiences, providing emotional support, and relieving the sense of isolation. May be led by social workers or trained cancer survivor volunteers.

Supportive or comfort care: Focuses on treating the symptoms of disease in the later stages of the terminal disease process.

Suppression: Trying not to think about something.

Surgery: Removal of a tumor, organ(s), or other objects from the body and/or repair of body parts using specific resection techniques.

Surrogate decision maker: A person designated to make health-related decisions for that patient. The medical team addresses all healthcare issues for the patient directly to the surrogate.

Therapy groups: Group counseling to treat a specific therapeutic issue (e.g., depression, anxiety) led by a mental health professional.

Time-out: A coping strategy of removing oneself from an emotionproducing person or situation for a short period of time.

Touch therapy: Massage or acupressure.

Veterans’ benefits: Financial and/or medical care and discounted prescription drugs that may be available for U.S. veterans.

Yoga: An ancient Hindu system of philosophy that employs physical exercise and diet restrictions to control
the functioning of the mind and body.

Saturday, November 19, 2016

Herbs for Cancer

 Herbs for Cancer
 Herbs for Cancer

The plants in Indonesia proven to prevent or treat cancer. Although the need to further research and development, a number of crops such as turmeric white, periwinkle, god leaves until the parasite has been used as a cancer patient endeavor to cure the disease. Many who survived that traditional medicine had become the foundation of a new hope for cancer patients.

White turmeric is believed to have anticancer properties. Still only white type of mango turmeric (Curcuma mango) which limited growth in the cold temperature in Indonesia, which can prevent or treat cancer. This white turmeric has certain characteristics, among other spots such as tuber tuber ginger and pale yellow (beige). In the fresh condition it smelled like mango kweni and when it has been extracted or used as a powder, the color is still yellow (beige).

While periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) has been tested as a deterrent and a destroyer of cancer cells. Plants that still belongs to the family Apocynaceae or frangipani-kambojaan contains two compounds namely vinca alkaloids vincristine and vinblastine are efficacious inhibit the multiplication and spread of cancer cells.Vincristine is used as a treatment of bronchial cancer, a malignant tumor of the kidney, breast cancer, and various types of malignant tumors which initially attacks the nerves and muscles. Plants are in Sumatra called grass bitch cabtharanthin it also contains alkaloids which are expected to urgent and dissolve the cancer cell nucleus.

As a breast cancer drug, boil 22 leaves of vinca and fennel fruit (Foeniculum vulgare) as well as the bark pulasari (Alyxia reinwardti) with three cups of water. Pepper the brown sugar to taste. After boiling up by half, strain. The herb is taken three times a day each half a glass. Treatment is done for at least a month.

Keladi mice (Typhonium Flagelliforme / Rodent Tuber) has also been studied as a medicinal plant that can stop and treat various cancers. To inhibit the growth of cancer cells, three bars complete with a rat taro leaves (approximately 50 grams) soaked for 30 minutes, finely crushed and squeezed. The juice is filtered and drunk. In Malaysia, there have been scientific tests the efficacy of rodent tuber. Even rodent tuber extract in pill form and powder tea combined with other crops in certain doses, has been marketed in the neighboring country.

The juice curcuma (Curcuma zedoaria) is also effective as a cancer drug. According to Andrew Chevallier Mnimh, herbalist from London, the ginger contained curcumol and curdione are efficacious anticancer and antitumor. In China, ginger has long been used as a cure cervical cancer. These plants can increase cancer cell death effects when performed radiotherapy and chemotherapy.Noni is also popular as medicinal plants that are effective. Meat or pace noni fruit (Morinda citrifolia L.) containing dammacanthel, the anticancer agent that is able to resist the growth of abnormal cells in pre-cancer stage and can prevent the development of cancer cells. Freshly squeezed juice of two or three of noni fruit can be spiked with honey to taste more delicious. Should choose not too ripe noni because the alcohol formed by the fermentation process is too ripe noni damaging vital substances contained in it.

God leaves (Gynura divaricata) also is a plant that has been known as an anticancer plant. Herb 30 grams of fresh leaves of the gods, 20 grams of ginger and white, 30 grams jombang are boiled with 600 cc of water until the remaining 300 cc, then filtered and drunk the water can be used in the treatment of cancer. Can also use other materials such as 30 grams of fresh leaves of the gods, 30 grams of fresh periwinkle, pearl grass 30 grams, 30 grams grass snake tongue boiled with 1,000 cc of water until the remaining 500 cc. The water is filtered and then add honey to taste, stir and then drink while warm.

Ceremai leaf (Phyllanthus acidus) can also be used as an anticancer drug. Young ceremai a handful of leaves, a pinch of starfruit leaves, bidara upas a finger, Smilax China a finger and palm sugar boiled with three glasses of water to stay glass. This herb is taken three times a day each one glass.While the compounds in the parasite has long been thought to act as an inhibitor of cancer malignancy. Parasite are boiled into a tea can be used as a drug proven support while undergoing chemotherapy (treatment with anticancer drugs consume).

For those of you who have not had cancer, sauteed broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, tomatoes and fish meat with a little seasoning salt and garlic, can become rich cuisine will anticancer agents. Harvard University study on 48,000 people in 1995 showed the risk of developing prostate cancer for those who eat 10 times the dish containing tomatoes per week declined by almost half.

Cancer drug history in Islamic Medicine


Cancer drug history in Islamic Medicine
Cancer drug history in Islamic Medicine

Indeed, cancer is not a new disease. In the golden era of Islamic civilization, the Muslim doctor was able to diagnose and treat cancer. Not only that, Muslim doctors, like Ibn Sina and al-Beitar also have found a cure for the deadly disease.

Is al-Beitar, a Muslim scientist of the 12th century AD who managed to find herbs to treat cancer clicking named Hindiba. Hindiba herb found al-Beitar contains anticancer substances can also cure the tumor and neoplastic disorders-disorders.Head of the Department of History and Ethics, University of Istanbul, Turkey, Prof. Nil Sari in his Hindiba: A Drug for Cancer Treatment in Muslim Heritage, has proven efficacy and truth herbs Hindiba found al-Beitar it. He and a number of other doctors have tested scientifically and even has patented Hindiba found al-Beitar.

According to Prof. Nil Sari, Hindiba known healers (pharmacologis) Muslim, and herbalist in the Islamic world. Muslims have been using herbs to cure cancer long before a doctor in the Western world to find it, said Prof. Nil Sari.

After a test scientifically, Prof. Nil Sari concluded that, Hindiba has the power to treat various diseases. Hindiba can clear away the obstacles contained in tiny channels in the body, especially in the digestive system. But the domain of the most spectacular is its power to cure the tumor said.

To track the efficacy and herb Hindiba, Prof. Nil Sari was doing research on the literature of past treatment. He tracked down two Muslim scientists masterpiece, namely Ibn Sina through the Canon of Medicine as well as plant encyclopedia written al-Beitar.

When we look at the old text more closely, we see the truth that we know very little about herbs (herbs) in the past, he said. In the text of the relics of the glory of Islam explained that Hindiba and various types of other herbal divided into two main groups, namely processed herbs and herbal unpasteurized.

According to ancient medical texts, the efficacy of cancer treatment Hindiba treatment based on theoretical considerations, the effects of medical drugs operating in accordance with the nature of the constituents. According to Prof. Nil, constituents resulting from the decomposition would have the effect of so-called energy. Potential quality hot and cold in the nature of the medicine will come out as a result of the decomposition of the body.

The active component of natural components that heat will soon react. Will spread through the network effectively. Constituents constituents react before the summer cool and clear away the obstacles in a small saluransaluran on the body and accelerate the spread of cold constituents. Then, the cold element came and began to work to perform its functions.

In the Arabic-language medical treatise, relics of the golden era of Islam, it is mentioned that all kinds of swelling such as warts or bumps have caused disturbances in the channel. While cancer is described as a hard mass. Identified as a hard swelling, cancer develops from small then be a big plus with pain.

Citing records Avicenna in the Canon of Medicine, Prof. Nil Sari revealed a tumor or cancerous, when on leave will be growing in size. So that the cancer will spread and damage. Its roots can infiltrate between network elements of the body. Prof. Nil Sari find a similar picture of the treatment of cancer in manuscripts in Ottoman era.

According to Ibn Sina, the tumor is classified into two, namely hot and cold tumor. Tumor-colored and feels warm to the touch usually called hot tumor, while the tumor is colorless and feel warm cold called a tumor. Ibn Sina mention cancer as a form of tumor that sits between tumor cold.

Efficacy Hindiba Prof. Prof. Nil Sari studied by presenting in-depth data about the theoretical background in vivo and in vitro experiments with herbal extracts of Turkey. He started from the philosophy of the Ottoman Empire, which is rooted in Islamic medicine. In this work, it was mentioned that the drug chicory Crocus sativus L and L is identified as an alternative crop are identical to each other which is the active component for the treatment of cancer.

Prof. Nil Sari and his colleague Dr Hanzade Dogan mixing C intybus L and turmeric (saffron) of Safranbolu, as described text prolonged treatment. Even more interesting are the results of our laboratory studies pointing out that of the extract of C intybus L were found to be most active in colon cancer, said Prof. Nil Sari.

According to him, Hindiba proven to be very effective in treating cancer. Unfortunately, he said, in ancient times, Hindiba more recommended as a drug for the treatment of tumors. It was revealed in the book of Ibn al-Beitar. According to al-Beitar, if the herb Hindiba heated, and the foam was taken and filtered and then drink will be beneficial to cure the tumor.

Specialist treatment in the era of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed Mumin, mengung express that Hindiba can either treat tumors in internal organs. However, more often recommended for the treatment of tumors in the throat. If wood ma nis in the mix in the juice Hindiba (Khu sus treated well) can be used un tuk kumurkumur medicine and also for the benefit ber tumor treatment, pain and sore throat.

Al-Beitar: The inventor HindibaAbu Muhammad Abdallah Ibn Ahmad Ibn al-Beitar Dhiya al-Din al-Malaqi, that's the full name of the legendary Muslim scientist who was called al-Beitar. He was a botanist (plants) and pharmaceutical (drug) in the era of the triumph of Islam. Born in the late 12th century AD in the city of Malaga (Spain), Ibn Al-Beitar spent his childhood in the land of Andalusia.

His interest in plants already tertanah since early childhood. Growing up, she learned a lot about botany to Abu al-Abbas al-Vegetable at that time was the leading botanists. From here, al-Beitar was then many ventured to collect a wide range of plant species.

In 1219 he left Spain on an expedition looking for a variety of plants. Together with some of his aides, al-Beitar down along the northern coast of Africa and Far East Asia. It is not known whether land or sea that passed, but the main location ever visited include Bugia, Qastantunia (Constantinople), Tunis, Tripoli, Barqa and Adalia. After the 1224 al-Beitar working for al-Kamil, the governor of Egypt, and believed to be the chief herbalist.

In 1227, al-Kamil expanding its grip until Damascus and al-Beitar be upon him on each trip. It once used to collect a lot of plants. When staying several years in Syria, Al-Beitar had the opportunity to conduct research on plants in a very wide area, including Saudi Arabia and Palestine, where he was able to collect the plants from a number of locations there. Al-Beitar main contribution is the Kitab al-Jami fi al-Adwiya al Mufrada.

This book is very popular and is the most prominent books about plants and their relation to Arab medicine. This book became a reference experts herbs and medicines to the 16th century. Encyclopedia of plants that exist in this book includes 1,400 items, most are herbs and vegetables including 200 plants that were previously unknown. The book was referred by 150 authors, mostly of Arab origin, and cited by more than 20 scientists Greece before it was translated into Latin and published in 1758. The work was phenomenal both Al-Beitar is the Kitab al-Mughni fi al-Adwiya al-Mufradayakni drug encyclopedia drugs of.

The drug in the list of therapeutic drugs. Coupled with 20 chapters on a variety of plant properties that are beneficial to the human body. On surgical issues discussed in this book, Al-Beitar widely cited as leading Muslim surgeon, Abul Qasim Zahrawi. In addition to Arabic, Baitar also often provides Latin and Greek names to the plants, as well as provide knowledge transfer.

Al-Beitar contributions are the result of observation, research and the lawyer klasifikasian for years. And his work in the future adversely affect early developments botany and medicine both in Europe and Asia. Although his other works K ITAB Al-Jamibaru translated and published in foreign languages, but many scientists have long studied the discussion-discussed early in this book and use it for the benefit of mankind.